The principal accounting policies adopted in preparation of these financial statements are set out below:
All policies stated in the consolidated financial statements relate to the Group and the companies within the Group. The consolidated financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2014 were prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), the SAICA Financial Reporting guides as issued by the Accounting Practices Committee, Financial Reporting Pronouncements (FRP) as issued by the Financial Reporting Standards Council (FRSC) and the interpretations issued by the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC), effective at the time of preparing these financial statements and in compliance with the JSE Listings Requirements and the Companies Act of South Africa.
The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention except as disclosed in the accounting policies below. The policies used in preparing the financial statements are consistent with those of the previous year except as indicated in the paragraph on ‘Accounting policy developments’.
Preparation of the financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. More detail on these estimates and assumptions are included under the policy dealing with ‘Critical accounting estimates and judgements’. Actual results may differ from those estimates.
Subsidiaries are those entities (including structured entities) over which the Group has control. The Group controls an entity when the Group is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. The existence and effect of potential voting rights that are currently exercisable or convertible are considered when assessing whether the Group controls another entity.
Subsidiaries are consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group and are no longer consolidated from the date that control ceases.
The purchase method of accounting is used to account for the acquisition of subsidiaries by the Group. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the fair value of the assets given, equity instruments issued and liabilities incurred or assumed at the date of exchange. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date, irrespective of the extent of any minority interest. The excess of the cost of acquisition over the fair value of the Group’s share of the identifiable net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. If the cost of acquisition is less than the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired, the difference is recognised directly in the statement of comprehensive income.
The Group recognises any minority interest in the acquiree on an acquisition-by-acquisition basis, either at fair value or at the minority’s proportionate share of the recognised amounts of the acquiree’s identifiable net assets.
Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.
Any contingent consideration to be transferred by the Group is recognised at fair value at the acquisition date. Subsequent changes to the fair value of the contingent consideration that is deemed to be an asset or liability is recognised in accordance with IAS 39 either in profit or loss or as a change to other comprehensive income. Contingent consideration that is classified as equity is not re-measured, and its subsequent settlement is accounted for within equity.
Intercompany transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between Group companies are eliminated. Unrealised losses are also eliminated unless the transaction provides evidence of an impairment of the asset transferred. Accounting policies of subsidiaries have been changed to ensure consistency with the policies adopted by the Group.
The company accounts for subsidiary undertakings at cost less impairments.
Transactions with non-controlling interests that do not result in loss of control are accounted for as equity transactions – that is, as transactions with the owners in their capacity as owners. The difference between the fair value of any consideration paid and the relevant share acquired of the carrying value of net assets of the subsidiary is recorded in equity. Gains or losses on disposals to non-controlling interests are also recorded in equity.
When the Group ceases to have control any retained interest in the entity is re-measured to its fair value at the date when control is lost, with the change in carrying amount recognised in profit or loss. The fair value is the initial carrying amount for the purposes of subsequently accounting for the retained interest as an associate, joint venture or financial asset. In addition, any amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income in respect of that entity are accounted for as if the Group had directly disposed of the related assets or liabilities. This may mean that amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income are reclassified to profit or loss.
Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquisition over the fair value of the Group’s share of the net assets of the acquired subsidiary at the date of acquisition. Goodwill on acquisition of subsidiaries is included in intangible assets. Separately recognised goodwill is assessed for impairment on an annual basis or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate a potential impairment. The carrying value of goodwill is compared to the recoverable amount, which is the higher of value in use and the fair value less costs of disposal. Goodwill is carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses. Impairment losses on goodwill are not reversed. The calculation of gains and losses on the disposal of an entity includes the carrying amount of goodwill relating to the entity sold.
Goodwill is allocated to cash generating units for the purpose of impairment testing. The allocation is made to those cash generating units or Groups of cash generating units that are expected to benefit from the business combination in which the goodwill arose.
Indefinite life intangible assets are not amortised and are assessed annually for impairment.
Expenditure on leasehold premiums anticipated, successful gaming licence bids, computer software and acquired management contracts are capitalised and amortised using the straight line method as follows:
|Leasehold premiums||Lease period|
|Gaming licence bids||Period of the licence and/or up to a maximum of 20 years|
|Management contracts||Period of initial contract|
|Computer software||4 years|
Costs associated with developing or maintaining computer software programmes are recognised as an expense as incurred. However, costs that are directly associated with identifiable and unique software products controlled by the company and which have probable economic benefits exceeding the costs beyond one year are recognised as intangible assets. Direct costs include staff costs of the software development team and an appropriate portion of the relevant overheads. Expenditure meeting the definition of an asset is recognised as a capital improvement and added to the original cost of the asset.
Bid costs on gaming licence bids are capitalised, when it is highly probable that the bid will be successful, and subsequently amortised using the straight-line method over their useful lives, but not exceeding 20 years. Intangible assets are not revalued.
Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (the functional currency). The consolidated financial statements are presented in South African Rands which is the Group’s presentation currency.
Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the rate of exchange ruling on the transaction date. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the rate of exchange ruling at the end of the reporting period. Gains or losses arising on translation are credited to or charged to the statements of comprehensive income.
The financial statements of foreign entities that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency are translated into South African Rands as follows:
All resulting exchange differences are reflected as part of other comprehensive income. On disposal, such translation differences are recognised in the statement of comprehensive income as part of the cumulative gain or loss on disposal.
Freehold land is included at cost and not depreciated.
All other items of property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items. Depreciation is recognised so as to write off the cost or valuation of assets (other than freehold land) less the residual values over their useful life, using the straight-line method. The principal useful lives over which the assets are depreciated are as follows:
|Freehold and leasehold buildings||15 to 50 years|
|Infrastructure||5 to 50 years|
|Plant and machinery||10 to 25 years|
|Equipment||4 to 15 years|
|Furniture and fittings||5 to 10 years|
|Vehicles||4 to 15 years|
The assets’ residual values and useful lives are reviewed annually, and adjusted if appropriate, at each statement of financial position date.
Operating equipment (which includes uniforms, casino chips, kitchen utensils, crockery, cutlery and linen) is recognised as an expense based on usage. The period of usage depends on the nature of the operating equipment and varies between one to three years.
Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing the proceeds with the carrying amount and are recognised in the statement of comprehensive income.
Assets held under finance leases are depreciated over their expected useful lives on the same basis as the owned assets or, where shorter, the term of the relevant lease.
When the carrying amount of an asset is greater than its estimated recoverable amount, it is written down immediately to its recoverable amount.
Costs arising subsequent to the acquisition of an asset are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of the replaced part is then derecognised. All other repairs and maintenance costs are charged to the statement of comprehensive income during the financial period in which they are incurred.
General and specific borrowing costs and certain direct costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are added to the cost of those assets, until such a time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use.
Borrowing costs and certain direct costs relating to major capital projects are capitalised during the period of development or construction.
Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalisation.
All other borrowing costs are recognised in profit and loss in the period which they are incurred.
Assets that have an indefinite useful life are not subject to depreciation or amortisation and are tested annually for impairment. Assets that are subject to depreciation or amortisation are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs to sell and value in use. For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash generating units).
Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered an impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at each reporting period.
Pre-opening expenditure is charged directly against income and separately disclosed. These costs include all marketing, operating and training expenses incurred prior to the opening of a new hotel or casino development.
Inventory comprises of merchandise and consumables and is valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value on a first-in, first-out basis. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less any costs necessary to make the sale.
Cash and cash equivalents are carried in the statement of financial position at fair value. Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand and deposits held on call with banks. In the statement of financial position and statement of cash flows bank overdrafts are included within borrowings in current liabilities where appropriate.
Trade receivables are amounts due from customers for merchandise sold or services performed in the ordinary course of business. If collection is expected in one year or less, they are classified as current assets. If not, they are presented as non-current assets.
Trade receivables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method, less provision for impairment.
Trade payables are obligations to pay for goods or services that have been acquired in the ordinary course of business from suppliers. Trade payables are classified as current liabilities if payment is due within one year or less. If not they are presented as non-current liabilities.
Trade payables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.
Financial instruments carried at statement of financial position date include loans and receivables, accounts receivable, available-for-sale investments, cash and cash equivalents, borrowings and accounts payable and accruals.
Financial instruments are recognised initially at fair value plus, for instruments not at fair value through profit or loss, any directly attributable transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition financial instruments are measured as described below.
The fair value of publicly traded derivatives is based on quoted market prices at the financial reporting date. The effective value of the interest rate cross currency swaps is calculated at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The fair value of foreign exchange contracts is determined using forward exchange market rates at the financial reporting date. Appropriate market related rates are used to fair value long term borrowings. Other techniques, such as the discounted value of estimated future cash flows, are used to determine the fair value for the remaining financial instruments.
The classification of financial assets depends on the purpose for which the financial assets were acquired. Management determines the classification of its financial assets at initial recognition. The financial assets carried at statement of financial position date are classified as ‘Loans and receivables’ and ‘Available-for-sale investments’.
All purchases and sales of financial assets are recognised on the trade date, which is the date that the Group commits to purchase or sell the asset. Financial assets are derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows from the financial assets have expired or have been transferred and the Group has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership.
The Group assesses at each statement of financial position date whether there is objective evidence that a financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired. A provision for impairment is established where there is objective evidence that the Group will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the original terms of the loans or receivables. Significant financial difficulties of the counterparty, and default or delinquency in payments are considered indicators that the loan or receivable is impaired. The amount of the provision is the difference between the asset’s carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows, discounted at the original effective interest rate. The carrying amount of the asset is reduced through the use of an allowance account, and the amount of the loss is recognised in the statement of comprehensive income. When a loan or receivable is uncollectible, it is written off against the allowance account. Subsequent recoveries of amounts previously written off are credited in the statement of comprehensive income.
In the case of equity securities classified as available-for-sale, a significant or prolonged decline in fair value of a financial asset below its cost is considered an indicator that the asset is impaired. If any such evidence exists the cumulative loss (measured as the difference between the acquisition cost and the current fair value, less any impairment loss on that financial asset previously recognised in profit or loss) is recognised in the statement of comprehensive income. Impairment losses are not reversed through the statement of comprehensive income.
Loans and receivables are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. They are classified as non-current assets unless receipt is anticipated within 12 months in which case the amounts are included in current assets. The Group’s loans and receivables comprise ‘Loans and receivables’, ‘Accounts receivable’ (excluding VAT and prepayments) and ‘Cash and cash equivalents’.
Subsequent to initial recognition, loans and receivables are carried at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less any impairment.
Available-for-sale investments are financial assets specifically designated as available-for-sale or not classified in any other categories available under financial assets. These are included in non-current assets unless management has expressed the intention of holding the investment for less than 12 months from the statement of financial position date, in which case they are included in current assets.
Available-for-sale investments are carried at fair value. Unrealised gains and losses arising from changes in the fair value of available-for-sale investments are recognised in other comprehensive income in the period in which they arise. When securities classified as available-for-sale are sold or impaired, the accumulated fair value adjustments recognised in equity are transferred to the statement of comprehensive income.
Subsequent to initial recognition, available-for-sale investments are carried at fair value, less any impairment.
IFRS 13 requires disclosure of the fair value measurements by level of the fair value measurements hierarchy:
The Group’s financial liabilities at statement of financial position date include ‘Borrowings’ and ‘Accounts payable and accruals’ (excluding VAT and employee related payables). These financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. Financial liabilities are included in current liabilities unless the company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the statement of financial position date.
The Group uses derivative financial instruments, primarily foreign exchange contracts and interest rate cross currency swaps to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency and interest rate fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions. These derivatives are initially measured at fair value on the contract date, and are remeasured to fair value at subsequent reporting dates. The resulting gain or loss is recognised in profit or loss as it arises unless the derivative is designated and effective as a hedging instrument. The Group designates certain derivatives as either hedges of the fair value of recognised assets or liabilities or firm commitments (fair value hedges), hedges of highly probable forecast transactions, hedges of foreign currency risk of firm commitments (cash flow hedges) or hedges of net investments in foreign operations.
Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognised directly in other comprehensive income. The ineffective portion is recognised immediately in profit or loss in the respective line items. Amounts deferred to the hedging reserves are recognised through profit and loss in the same period in which the hedged item affects profit and loss. Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. At that time, for forecast transactions, any cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognised in equity is retained in equity until the forecasted transaction occurs. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in equity is transferred to profit or loss for the period.
A forward purchase contract is a contract that specifies that the parent will acquire the minority shareholding at a date in the future at a price with no ability for either party to avoid the transaction.
The ownership risk and rewards of the shares relating to the forwards should be analysed to determine whether they remain with the minority or have transferred to the parent.
The minority is recognised to the extent that the risks and rewards relating to ownership remain with them.
The terms of the forward contract should be analysed to assess whether they provide the parent with access to the economic benefits and risks associated with the actual ownership of the shares during the contract period.
The minority interest is derecognised to the extent that the risks and rewards relating to ownership no longer remain with the outside shareholders.
Irrespective of whether the minority interest is recognised, a financial liability is recorded to reflect the forward. The liability is recognised for the present value of the forward price. All subsequent changes to the liability are recognised in profit and loss.
The tax expense for the period comprises current and deferred tax. Tax is recognised in the statement of comprehensive income, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised directly in equity.
Deferred tax is provided in full, using the liability method, for all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying values for financial reporting purposes.
Current tax and deferred tax are calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the statement of financial position date.
Deferred tax assets relating to the carry forward of unused tax losses are recognised to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the unused tax losses can be utilised in the foreseeable future.
Leases of assets where the company assumes substantially all the benefits and risks of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalised at commencement and are measured at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset and the present value of minimum lease payments. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance charges so as to achieve a constant rate on the finance balance outstanding. The corresponding lease obligations, net of finance charges, are included in borrowings. The interest element of the lease payment is charged to the statement of comprehensive income over the lease period. The assets acquired under finance leasing contracts are depreciated over the shorter of the useful life of the asset, or the lease period. Where a lease has an option to be renewed, the renewal period is considered when the period over which the asset will be depreciated is determined.
Leases of assets under which substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the statement of comprehensive income on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.
When an operating lease is terminated before the lease period has expired, any payment required to be made to the lessor by way of a penalty is recognised as an expense in the period in which termination takes place.
Borrowings, net of transaction costs, are recognised initially at fair value. Borrowings are subsequently stated at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method; any difference between proceeds and the redemption value is recognised in the statement of comprehensive income over the period of the borrowing using the effective interest rate method.
Preference shares, which are redeemable on a specific date or at the option of the shareholder or which carry non-discretionary dividend obligations, are classified as borrowings. The dividends on these preference shares are recognised in the statement of comprehensive income as interest expense.
Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the statement of financial position date.
The Group operates a closed defined benefit pension scheme. The defined benefit pension scheme is funded through payments to a trustee-administered fund, determined by reference to periodic actuarial calculations. The defined benefit plan defines an amount of pension benefit that an employee will receive on retirement, usually dependent on one or more factors such as age, years of service and compensation.
The asset or liability, as applicable, recognised in the statement of financial position in respect of the defined benefit pension plan is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of plan assets. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by independent actuaries using the projected unit credit method. The present value of the defined benefit obligation is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows using interest rates of government bonds that are denominated in the currency in which the benefits will be paid and that have terms to maturity approximating the terms of the related pension liability.
Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in other comprehensive income in the period in which they arise.
Interest costs and past service costs are recognised immediately in profit and loss.
The Group operates a number of defined contribution schemes. The defined contribution plans are provident funds under which the Group pays fixed contributions into separate entities. The contributions are recognised as an employee benefit expense when they are due. The Group has no legal or constructive obligations to pay further contributions if the fund does not hold sufficient assets to pay all employees the benefits relating to employee service in the current and prior periods.
The Group provides limited post-retirement healthcare benefits to eligible employees. The entitlement to these benefits is usually conditional upon the employee remaining in service up to retirement age and the employee must have joined the Group before 30 June 2003. The expected costs of these benefits are accrued over the period of employment using the same accounting methodology as used for defined benefit pension plans. Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments, and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in other comprehensive income. These obligations are valued annually by independent qualified actuaries.
The Group operates equity settled, share based compensation plans. The fair value of the services received in exchange for awards made is recognised as an expense. The total amount to be expensed over the vesting period is determined by reference to the fair value of the grants, excluding the impact of any non-market vesting conditions. Non-market vesting conditions are included in assumptions about the number of awards that are expected to become exercisable. At the end of each reporting period, the Group revises its estimates of the number of awards that are expected to vest. It recognises the impact of the revision of original estimates, if any, in the statement of comprehensive income, and a corresponding adjustment to equity over the remaining vesting period.
The Group pays its employees a long service benefit after each five year period of continuous service. The benefit is paid in the month the employee reaches the milestone. The method of accounting and frequency of valuation are similar to those under the defined benefit schemes. The actuarial valuation to determine the liability is performed annually.
The Group pays for a farewell gift for employees, with a minimum of a ten year service with the Group, who leave as a result of retirement. The value of the gift is calculated on a formula based on years of service and monthly base rate (with a pre-determined cap) and is subject to tax. The method of accounting and frequency of valuation are similar to those under the defined benefit schemes. The actuarial valuation to determine the liability is performed annually.
Provisions are recognised when the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.
Provisions are measured at the present value of the expenditures expected to be required to settle the obligation using a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the obligation. The increase in the provision due to passage of time is recognised as interest expense.
Provisions are made for wide area progressive jackpots which includes the base jackpot as well as the incremental jackpot. The full provision is expected to be utilised within the next financial year.
Restructuring provisions comprise of the employee termination benefits.
Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Redeemable preference shares which carry a non-discretionary dividend obligation, are classified as liabilities (see accounting policy for borrowings).
External costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares, other than in a business combination, are shown as a deduction from the proceeds, net of income taxes, in equity.
Where any Group company purchases the company’s equity share capital (treasury shares), the consideration paid including any directly attributable incremental costs apart from brokerage fees (net of income taxes) is deducted from equity attributable to the company’s equity holders until the shares are cancelled, re-issued or disposed of. Where such shares are subsequently sold or re-issued, any consideration received, net of any attributable incremental transaction costs and the related income tax effects, is included in equity attributable to the company’s equity holders.
Revenue comprises the fair value of the consideration received or receivable from the sale of goods and services in the ordinary course of the Group’s activities. Revenue is recognised when it is probable that the economic benefits associated with a transaction will flow to the Group and the amount of revenue, and associated costs incurred or to be incurred can be measured reliably.
Revenue includes net gaming win, hotel, entertainment and restaurant revenues, other fees, rental income and the invoiced value of goods and services sold less returns and allowances. Value Added Tax (VAT) and other taxes levied on casino winnings are included in revenue and treated as overhead expenses as these are borne by the Group and not by its customers. VAT on all other revenue transactions is considered to be a tax collected as an agent on behalf of the revenue authorities and is excluded from revenue.
Customer loyalty points are provided against revenue when points are earned. The reward points are recognised as a separately identifiable component of the initial sale transaction, by allocating the fair value of the consideration received between the award points and the other components of the sale such that the award points are initially recognised as deferred income at their fair value. Revenue from the reward points is recognised when the points are redeemed.
The Company revenue also comprises dividend income which is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.
Dividend distributions to the Company’s shareholders are recognised as a liability in the Company’s financial statements in the period in which the dividends are declared.
An operating segment is a component of an entity that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses, whose results are reviewed by the executive decision makers to allocate resources and to assess its performance.
Operating segments are reported in the manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision maker. The chief operating decision maker, who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing the performance of the operating segments, has been identified as the executive board of directors.
Segment results include revenue and expenses directly attributable to a segment. Segment results are determined before any adjustment for minority interest. Segment assets and liabilities comprise those operating assets and liabilities that are directly attributable to the segment. Capital expenditure represents the total costs incurred during the period to acquire segment assets.
Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.
The Group makes estimates and assumptions concerning the future. Actual results may differ from these estimates. The estimates and assumptions that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are addressed below.
Property, plant and equipment are depreciated over its useful life taking into account residual values where appropriate. The actual useful lives of the assets and residual values are assessed annually and may vary depending on a number of factors. In re–assessing asset useful lives, factors such as technological innovation, product life cycles and maintenance programmes are taken into account. Residual value assessments consider issues such as future market conditions, the remaining life of the asset and projected disposal values. The Group has not made any material adjustments to the useful lives and residual values in the past.
Property, plant and equipment and intangible assets are considered for impairment if there is a reason to believe that impairment may be necessary. Factors taken into consideration in reaching such a decision include the economic viability of the asset itself and where it is a component of a larger economic unit, the viability of that unit itself.
Future cash flows expected to be generated by the assets are projected, taking into account market conditions and the expected useful lives of the assets. The present value of these cash flows, determined using an appropriate discount rate, is compared to the current net asset value and, if lower, the assets are impaired to the present value. If the information to project future cash flows is not available or could not be reliably established, management uses the best alternative information available to estimate a possible impairment.
The present value of the post retirement benefit, long service award and farewell gifts obligations depends on a number of factors that are determined on an actuarial basis using a number of assumptions. The assumptions used in determining the net cost (income) for post retirement benefits, long service award and farewell gifts include the discount rate. Any changes in these assumptions will impact the carrying amount of post retirement benefits, long service award and farewell gifts obligations.
Refer to note 22 for details.
The Group determines the appropriate discount rate at the end of each year. This is the interest rate that should be used to determine the present value of estimated future cash outflows expected to be required to settle the post-retirement benefit obligations. In determining the appropriate discount rate, the Group considers the interest rates of government bonds that are denominated in the currency in which the benefits will be paid and that have terms to maturity approximating the terms of the related post-retirement benefits, long service award and farewell gifts obligations.
Other key assumptions for pension obligations are based in part on current market conditions. Additional information is disclosed in note 15.
The valuation of derivatives and financial instruments is based on the market conditions at the statement of financial position date. The value of the instruments fluctuates on a daily basis and the actual amounts realised may differ materially from their value at the statement of financial position date.
The Group tests annually whether goodwill has suffered any impairment. The recoverable amounts of cash-generating units have been determined based on value-in-use calculations. These calculations require the use of estimates (note 12).
Management needed to assess whether or not the Group had an unconditional right to a refund in respect of the surplus from the pension plan. A legal interpretation was obtained which indicated that the Group does not have an unconditional right to the full refund of the surplus.
Accounting policy developments include new standards issued, amendments to standards, and interpretations issued on current standards. These developments resulted in the first time adoption of new and revised standards which require additional disclosures.
The following amendments became effective in 2014 but had no impact on the Group:
The following amendments became effective in 2014 and have been adopted by the Group:
The changes on the Group’s accounting policies has been as follows: to immediately recognise all past service costs; and to replace interest cost and expected return on plan assets with a net interest amount that is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net defined benefit liability (asset). See notes 15 and 22 for the impact on the financial statements.
This standard builds on existing principles by identifying the concept of control as the determining factor in whether an entity should be included within the consolidated financial statements. The standard provides additional guidance to assist in determining control where this is difficult to assess.
This standard includes the disclosure requirements for all forms of interests in other entities, including joint arrangements, associates, special purpose vehicles and other off balance sheet vehicles. This statement also requires disclosure requirements for subsidiaries with material non-controlling interests (see note 27).
This standard aims to improve consistency and reduce complexity by providing a precise definition of fair value and a single source of fair value measurement and disclosure requirements for use across IFRSs. The requirements, which are largely aligned between IFRSs and US GAAP, do not extend the use of fair value accounting but provide guidance on how it should be applied where its use is already required or permitted by other standards within IFRSs or US GAAP.
The Group has evaluated the effect of all new standards, amendments and interpretations that have been issued but which are not yet effective. Management is currently considering the effect of these standards, amendments and interpretations although it is not expected that these will have a significant impact on the Group’s results and disclosures. The applicability dates shown indicate when the standard is applicable for annual periods beginning on or after the particular date. An application date of 1 January 2014 will affect the Group’s results for the financial year ending 30 June 2015.
The amendment provides and exception to the principle that all subsidiaries must be consolidated. Entities meeting the definition of ‘Investment Entities’ must account for investments in subsidiaries at fair value under IFRS 9 Financial Instruments or IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement.
The amendments require entities to disclose the gross amounts subject to rights of set off, amounts set off in accordance with the accounting standards followed and the related net credit exposure.
This amendment removed certain disclosures of the recoverable amount of CGUs which had been included in IAS 36 by the issue of IFRS 13.
The IASB have tentatively decided to set the effective date to be 1 January 2018. The amendment confirms the importance of allowing entities to apply the requirements of all the phases of the project to replace IAS 39 at the same time. This IFRS is part of the IASB’s project to replace IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement in three phases. Phase 1 relates to the classification and measurement of financial instruments. IFRS 9 addresses classification and measurement of financial assets and replaces the multiple classification and measurement models in IAS 39 with a single model that has only two classification categories: amortised cost and fair value. For financial liabilities, the standard retains most of the IAS 39 requirements. The main change is that, in cases where the fair value option is taken for financial liabilities, the part of a fair value change due to an entity’s own credit risk is recorded in other comprehensive income rather than the income statement, unless this creates an accounting mismatch. Phase 2 dealing with Impairment methodology is still outstanding and Phase 3 dealing with Hedge accounting has been completed.
The amendments add new guidance on how to account for the acquisition of an interest in a joint operation that constitutes a business which specify the appropriate accounting treatment for such acquisitions.
Requires new disclosures for investment entities (as defined in IFRS 10).
The interpretation sets out the accounting for an obligation to pay a levy that is not income tax. It addresses what the obligating event is that gives rise to pay a levy and when a liability should be recognised.
The amendment relates to derivatives and hedge accounting and is applicable 1 January 2014.
A new standard that require companies to recognise revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers, that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard will also result in enhanced disclosures about revenue, provide guidance for transactions that were not previously addressed comprehensively and improve guidance for multiple-element arrangements.
Applies to first-time adopters and permits them to continue to recognise amounts related to its rate regulation activities in accordance with their previous GAAP requirements.
Improvements to IFRSs to make non-urgent but necessary amendments to IFRS are issued in cycles as part of the ‘annual improvements process’. The 2009 – 2011 cycle is applicable to the current year as discussed above. The 2010 – 2012 cycle as well as the 2011 – 2013 cycle are not yet applicable. Management do not foresee any major adjustments from these amendments which affect the following standards:
Management is still currently considering whether any of these changes have an effect.